Routine Eye Examination

There are numerous benefits that will result from having your eyes examined on a regular basis. It is a misconception that you should only have an eye exam if you are struggling with your vision. Failing to have an eye exam annually can be detrimental to your overall health. Not only will this eye exam provide insight into the health of your eyes, but other physical problems as well. Have your eyes checked at Spectacles at least once per year for the following benefits:

1. Your vision will be assessed and a diagnosis made by getting a routine eye exam, and recommendations will be made to improve the quality of vision while maintaining proper eye health.

2. Eye diseases can be detected like glaucoma that don't always show symptoms before they begin to cause damage. With a routine eye exam, Drs. Weisfeld, Blumenthal & Seyam can make the correct diagnosis so that any changes in your vision or eye health can be caught early enough, and treatment can begin before your vision is severely compromised.

3. Other diseases or illnesses may be detected - diabetes and high blood pressure can be detected during a routine eye exam. If a physical disease or illness that is displaying symptoms through the eyes is detected during your routine comprehensive exam, an optometric physician like Dr. Weisfeld can provide treatment options to improve overall health. By visiting Spectacles for a routine eye exam at least once a year, you can ensure that you not only optimize your vision, but also improve your life with better health! Why not call the office today at 201.894.1400 to schedule your routine eye examination.

Dry Eye

Tears are comprised of three layers. The mucus layer coats the cornea, the clear outer window of the eye, forming a foundation so the tear film can adhere to the eye. The middle aqueous layer provides moisture and supplies oxygen and other important nutrients to the cornea. This layer is made of 98 percent water along with small amounts of salt, proteins and other compounds. The outer lipid layer is an oily film that seals the tear film on the eye and helps to prevent evaporation. Tears are formed in several glands around the eye. The water layer is produced in the lacrimal gland, located under the upper eyelid. Several smaller glands in the lids make the oil and mucus layers. With each blink, the eyelids spread the tears over the eye. Excess tears flow into two tiny drainage ducts in the corner of the eye by the nose. These ducts lead to tiny canals that connect to the nasal passage. The connection between the tear ducts and the nasal passage is the reason that crying causes a runny nose. In addition to lubricating the eye, tears are also produced as a reflex response to outside stimulus such as an injury or emotion. However, reflex tears do little to soothe a dry eye, which is why someone with watery eyes may still complain of irritation and symptoms of tearing can more than likely be those associated with a dry eye. Dry eye syndrome has many causes. One of the most common reasons for dryness is simply the normal aging process. As we grow older, our bodies produce less oil; 60% less at age 65 then at age 18. This is more pronounced in women, who tend to have drier skin then men. The oil deficiency also affects the tear film. Without as much oil to seal the watery layer, the tear film evaporates much faster, leaving dry areas on the cornea. Many other factors, such as hot, dry or windy climates, high altitudes, air-conditioning and cigarette smoke also cause dry eyes. Many people also find their eyes become irritated when reading or working on a computer. Stopping periodically to rest and blink keeps the eyes more comfortable. Working on a computer is one of the primary causes of dry eye!!. Contact lens wearers may also suffer from dryness because the contacts absorb the tears, causing proteins to form on the surface of the lens. Soft lenses need to maintain optimum hydration to give clarity and comfort during your wearing period. Certain medications, thyroid conditions, vitamin A deficiency, and diseases such as Parkinson's and Sjogren's can also cause dryness. Women frequently experience problems with dry eyes as they enter menopause because of hormonal changes.

 

Some of the symptoms of dry eye include: itching, burning, irritation, redness, blurred vision that improves with blinking, excessive tearing and increased discomfort after periods of reading, watching TV, or working on a computer. If you think that you are experiencing any of these symptoms of Dry Eye, call Dr. Weisfeld at 201.894.1400 to schedule a time so we can review your symptoms to see what options we can offer a personalized treatment regiment.

Lasik Screening

If you are considering LASIK, you should undergo a thorough examination by Drs. Weisfeld, Blumenthal or Seyam. The exam, and a follow-up consultation will
- Identify any ongoing health concerns that may affect the candidates vision in the future
- Educate the candidate on potential outcomes of LASIK\
- Manage expectations on what the procedure can do
- Inform the candidate of his or her vision health status.

 

Assessment of Eye Health History

 

History of wearing glasses: It is important to determine if your vision is stabile or is changing. If it is unstable, LASIK may not be an option at this time. The ideal candidate has had a stable glasses or contact lens prescription for at least 2 years.

 

History of contact lens wear: Contact lenses may change the shape of the cornea (the clear front surface of the eye) in a way that prevents your doctor from determining your correct prescription. It may be necessary to abstain from contact lens use for a period of time prior to completing your pre-operative assessment.

 

History of ocular or systemic diseases and medications: Some eye diseases and medications can affect the suitability of a candidate for LASIK.

 

History of previous ocular problems: These may include blepharoplasty, plastic surgery, lazy eyes, strabismus (eye misalignment caused by muscle imbalance), or the need for special glasses to prevent double vision, glaucoma, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, and macular degeneration.

 

History of previous eye injury: This may include complications from previous refractive surgery.

 

Assessing vocational and lifestyle needs: Your professional or recreational activities and needs help determine vision correction strategies. For instance, your need for depth perception or the ability to see near or far could define the best correction options for you.

 

Determination of uncorrected vision and vision as corrected by glasses or contacts.
Following your exam, our doctors will discuss your results or order additional testing as necessary. Your results will help determine the best vision correction option for you.

Common Eye Diseases

At Spectacles we are well equipped with the latest medical technology to diagnose most eye diseases that may affect the quality of your vision and life.

 

Cataracts:

A cataract is a clouding of the eye's natural lens, which lies behind the iris and the pupil. The lens works much like a camera lens, focusing light onto the retina at the back of the eye. The lens also adjusts the eyes focusing ability, letting us see things clearly both up close and far away. The lens is mostly made of water and protein. The protein is arranged in a precise way that keeps the lens clear and lets light pass through it. As we age, some of the protein may clump together and start to cloud a small area of the lens. This is a cataract, and over time, it may grow larger and cloud more of the lens, making it harder to see. A cataract may make light from the sun or a lamp seem too bright or glaring. Or you may notice when you drive at night that the oncoming headlights cause more glare than before. Colors may not appear as bright as they once did. Many studies suggest that exposure to ultraviolet light is associated with cataract development, so your Doctors at Spectacles recommend wearing sunglasses and a wide-brimmed hat to reduce your exposure. Cataract surgery today is only a 5 minute procedure performed under local anesthesia and can be done as an outpatient in a surgi-center. Dr. Weisfeld co-manages this surgery with some of the areas top surgeons and when the time is right to make that decision, he will help guide you in making the correct choice.

 

Diabetic Retinopathy:

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that results from damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina). At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, if left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can result in blindness. Diabetic retinopathy can develop in anyone who has type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes. The longer you have diabetes, and the less controlled your blood sugar is, the more likely you can develop diabetic retinopathy.
To protect your vision, take prevention seriously. Start by carefully controlling your blood sugar level and scheduling yearly eye exams at Spectacles. Here we can carefully monitor any changes that occur over time with our digital retinal camera.

 

Glaucoma:

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that gradually steal sight without warning. In the early stages of the disease,there may be no symptoms. Experts estimate that half of the people affected by glaucoma may not know they have it.


Vision loss is caused by damage to the optic nerve, usually from a prolonged increase of intra ocular pressure (IOP). This nerve acts like a conduit form the eye to the brain and carries millions of cells through it. It is responsible for carrying images from the eye to the brain.


There is no cure for glaucoma yet. However, medication or surgery can slow or prevent further vision loss. The appropriate treatment depends upon the type of glaucoma among other factors. Early detection is vital to stopping the progress of the disease, which is why yearly exams are of the utmost importance.


It was once thought that high pressure within the eye, also known as intraocular pressure or IOP, is the main cause of this optic nerve damage. Although IOP is clearly a risk factor, we now know that other factors must also be involved because even people with normal levels of pressure can experience vision loss from glaucoma. Adult glaucoma falls into two categories: open-angle glaucoma and closed angle glaucoma.

 

Macular Degeneration:

Macular Degeneration is an eye disorder that damages the center of the retina, which is called the macula. This makes it difficult to see fine details.


At first you may not have symptoms. As the disease progresses, your central vision may be affected.


The most common symptom in dry AMD is blurred vision. This is limited to the center of the field of vision. Often objects in the central vision look distorted and dim, and colors look faded. A patient may have trouble reading print or seeing other details, but can generally see well enough to walk and perform most routine activities. As the disease becomes worse, you may need more light to read or perform everyday tasks. The blurred spot in the center of vision gradually gets larger and darker. In the later stages, you may not be able to recognize faces until people are close to you.


Dr. Weisfeld, works closely with leading retinal specialists to help with the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of this disease.

Ocular Allergies

Ocular Allergies

Up to 50 million Americans suffer from the miseries of allergies, with allergic reactions involving the eyes being a common complaint. An allergic reaction that affects the conjunctiva, a clear layer of skin overlying the eyes, is commonly referred to as allergic conjunctivitis. Most people have seasonal ocular allergies but most have perennial. Although it frequently occurs, allergic conjunctivitis is most commonly seen in areas with high seasonal allergens and in either the spring or fall or both. With advancements in pharmaceuticals, Drs. Weisfeld, Blumenthal & Seyam can successfully treat the symptoms of allergy for a more comfortable spring, summer or fall.


Eye Allergy Causes:


Ocular (eye) allergies often affect the conjunctiva. This clear layer of skin is the same type of skin that lines the inside surface of the nose. Because these two areas are so similar, the same allergens (substances that induce an allergic reaction) can trigger the same allergic response in both areas.


Common allergens include: 

  • Pollen 
  • Grass 
  • Weeds 
  • Dust 
  • Pet dander


You may be bothered in the spring by tree pollen, in the summer by grass pollen, or in the fall by weed pollen. Generally, your symptoms resolve during other times of the year, especially in the winter. Instead of outdoor allergens, you have problems with indoor allergens, such as dust mites, cockroaches, and pet dander. Seasonal outdoor allergens may worsen your problems if you are sensitive to them as well. To learn more about Ocular Allergies and see how we can help your reduce the annoyance of ocular allergies, call Dr. Weisfeld at 201.894.1400.

Contact Lens Fittings

If you have been wearing eyeglasses for some time, you might be thinking of making the switch to contact lenses. If so, there are some important factors to consider when making your decision and it is important to include your doctor at Spectacles in the process. People use contact lenses as an alternative to eyeglasses for a variety of reasons. Glasses are easy to use, but they may not be desirable because of cosmetic concerns, or for active people who do sporting activities.


Are Contact Lenses for You?: Dr. Weisfeld and his staff are proficient in all types of contact lenses. Whether it's the convenience of daily disposable lenses or common 2 week disposable to the more challenging astigmatic, bifocal or gas permeable contacts, our Doctors combined 75 years of experience will guaranty a safe and comfortable fitting experience.


Eyeglasses and contact lenses are the two most popular methods of correcting common vision problems, including nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism, and trouble reading or seeing objects close up due to an aging, rigid lens.


Almost everyone who uses eyeglasses for vision correction is also a candidate for contact lenses. The most important consideration in determining whether someone should wear contact lenses is whether the patient is motivated to wear the contact lenses and responsible enough to practice proper lens care.


To be a contact lens wearer, it has to deal with proper care and hygiene. People who work in dirty environments or people who are not able to follow the directions of wearing contacts properly are most likely not good candidates for contact lenses. For people who have dry eyes, it is more challenging to wear contact lenses successfully.

Contact Lens Fitting: If you decide to give contact lenses a try, our team can help fit your contacts and educate you on wearing and maintaining them properly. Our team of eye care professionals can also diagnose and treat any eye conditions that might make it difficult for you to wear contact lenses. Fitting someone for contacts is a very intricate process. Our team has the experience to fit you with you with the proper contact lenses. If the contacts aren't fitted correctly, there is an increased risk of vision problems, discomfort, inability to tolerate the lenses, eye abrasions, and infection (redness).

 

Adjusting to Contact Lenses: There are two types of contact lenses available today. If you get soft lenses, which are made from a soft plastic material, the adjustment period is usually very brief. Within a few minutes of putting the lens on the eye, many people stop noticing that the lens is even there. Hard gas permeable will take a bit long to adapt.

Problems to Watch For: When you are wearing contact lenses, it is important to work closely with our office to make sure that the lenses aren't causing any problems for your eyes.
This means that if you experience any pain, redness, light sensitivity, tearing, or any other worrisome symptoms, you should call our office immediately.

FIND US

Spectacles

17 Grand Ave,

Englewood, NJ 07631

Phone. 201-894-1400

Email. info@spectaclesnj.com

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Thu: 10:00 am - 7:00 pm
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Sat: 10:00 am - 4:00pm