Common Eye Diseases
At Spectacles we are well equipped with the latest medical technology to diagnose most eye diseases that may affect the quality of your vision and life.
A cataract is a clouding of the eye's natural lens, which lies behind the iris and the pupil. The lens works much like a camera lens, focusing light onto the retina at the back of the eye. The lens also adjusts the eyes' focusing ability, letting us see things clearly both up close and far away. The lens is mostly made of water and protein. The protein is arranged in a precise way that keeps the lens clear and lets light pass through it. As we age, some of the protein may clump together and start to cloud a small area of the lens. This is a cataract, and over time, it may grow larger and cloud more of the lens, making it harder to see. A cataract may make light from the sun or a lamp seem too bright or glaring. Or you may notice when you drive at night that the oncoming headlights cause more glare than before. Colors may not appear as bright as they once did. Many studies suggest that exposure to ultraviolet light is associated with cataract development. Doctors at Spectacles recommend wearing protective sunglasses and a wide-brimmed hat to reduce your exposure. Cataract surgery today is only a 5-minute procedure performed under local anesthesia and can be done as an outpatient in a surgicenter. Dr. Weisfeld co-manages this surgery with some of the area's top surgeons and when the time is right to make that decision, he will help guide you in making the correct choice.
Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that results from damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina). At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, if left untreated, diabetic retinopathy can result in blindness. Diabetic retinopathy can develop in anyone who has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The longer you have diabetes, and the less controlled your blood sugar is, the more likely you can develop diabetic retinopathy.
To protect your vision, take prevention seriously. Start by carefully controlling your blood sugar level and scheduling yearly eye exams at Spectacles. Here we can carefully monitor any changes that occur over time With our OPTOS digital camera.
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that gradually steal sight without warning. In the early stages of the disease, there may be no symptoms. Experts estimate that half of the people affected by glaucoma may not know they have it.
Vision loss is caused by damage to the optic nerve, usually from a prolonged increase of intraocular pressure (IOP). This nerve acts as a conduit from the eye to the brain and carries millions of cells. It is responsible for carrying images from the eye to the brain.
There is no cure for glaucoma yet. However, medication or surgery can slow or prevent further vision loss. The appropriate treatment depends upon the type of glaucoma, among other risk factors. Early detection is vital to control the progress of the disease, which is why yearly exams are of the utmost importance.
It was once thought that high pressure within the eye, also known as intraocular pressure or IOP, is the main cause of this optic nerve damage. Although IOP is clearly a risk factor, we now know that other factors must also be involved because people with normal levels of pressure have been known to experience vision loss from glaucoma. Adult glaucoma falls into two categories: open-angle glaucoma and narrow angel-angle glaucoma.
Macular Degeneration is an eye disorder that damages the center of the retina called the macula. This makes it difficult to see fine details. At first, you may not have symptoms. As the disease progresses, your central vision may be affected. The most common symptom in dry AMD is blurred vision. This is limited to the center of the field of vision. Often objects in the central vision look distorted and dim, and colors look faded. A patient may have trouble reading print or seeing other details, but can generally see well enough to walk and perform most routine activities. As the disease becomes worse, you may need more light to read or perform everyday tasks. The blurred spot in the center of vision gradually gets larger and darker. In the later stages, you may not be able to recognize faces until people are close to you.
Dr. Weisfeld works closely with leading retinal specialists to help with the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of this disease.